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Table 1 Classification results of anomalies with CAEs, HOG, and VGG features

From: Unsupervised anomaly detection with compact deep features for wind turbine blade images taken by a drone

Feature Precision Recall F1 score
CAEs 0.101 0.344 0.156
HOG 0.164 0.263 0.202
VGG16 layer3 +PCA 0.546 0.224 0.318
VGG16 layer1 +PCA 0.630 0.496 0.555